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Periodontology

Periodontology

Definition

Periodontology is a speciality that treats the periodontium, which includes the tissues that support the teeth, such as the gums, bone, cementum (surrounding the root) and ligaments (connecting the tooth to the bone).
It is essential to maintain the health of the periodontium, which means rigorous oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings at the dental surgery, recommended every six months.

What is periodontal disease?

There are two types of gum infection: gingivitis and periodontitis. Periodontal disease begins with inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which can damage deeper structures and progress to inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth (periodontitis). Dental plaque, made up of food scraps, saliva and bacteria, is the main cause, causing cavities and bacteria under the gums, leading to periodontal inflammation. The mineralisation of plaque with minerals from saliva creates tartar, encouraging bacterial multiplication and causing inflammation of the gums, characterised by swelling, redness, pain and bleeding. If left untreated, bacterial proliferation damages deeper structures, creating periodontal pockets and bone resorption, leading to the loss of teeth that no longer have bone support, known as periodontal disease.

When should you consult?

Don't hesitate to contact us visit if you notice :

  • Bleeding gums: If you notice frequent bleeding during brushing.
  • Loose teeth or prolonged sensitivity: If you notice that your teeth are moving or if you experience persistent sensitivity.
  • Loose teeth: If your gums recede, exposing the roots of your teeth more.
  • Family history: If other members of your family have had gum problems, this warrants a consultation.
  • Unusual changes to the mouth: In the event of swelling, ulcers or other abnormal changes in your gums.
  • Need for dental surgery: If surgery, such as gum grafting or bone regeneration, is required.

Don't forget to have regular dental check-ups, at least once a year, to prevent gum problems and maintain good oral health.

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